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The First Exhibition

The Prehistoric Period

Shaanxi, a province in the middle reaches of the Huanghe River, is reputed to be the birthplace of the Chinese nation and one of the cradles of ancient world civilizations. It was once inhabited by early hominids, as shown by the excavated discoveries of such Homo erectus as the Lantian Man, the Dali Man, and Neolithic sites of Banpo, Jiangzhai, Yangguanzhai in central Shaanxi and Shimao in northern Shaanxi. All these prehistoric relics and remains reveal the true picture of an early civilization from this region and the light of the dawn leading to the thriving of Chinese nation.


The Zhou Period

The Western Zhou Dynasty stands as the first state formation of early China. Its political system, economic pattern, especially the ethical spirits exert a profound impact on the later dynasties. Just as what Confucius highly complimented "How complete and elegant are the Zhou regulations. I'll follow them." As the seat of the capital and political center of the Western Zhou, Shaanxi owns a plenty of cultural remains and relics from this period.


The Qin Period

The Qin people belongs to one of the clans of Huaxia (literally ancient China), lived around the present day Tianshui of Gansu Province. After King Ping of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty moved eastward in 770 BC, Qin people developed their economy in their base in Shaanxi. In 221 BC, Emperor Qin Shihuang annexed the other six feudal states, established the first unified, multinational and centralized state, which had tremendous political, economic and military influence on the later dynasties. The cultural relics of Qin people, represented by the terracotta warriors and horses, characteristic of their imposing grandeur and distinct military feature, vividly reflect the main spheres of the Qin culture and the spirits of the times.